The iuu fishing agreement is a crucial step towards combating illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing practices that have been a significant challenge facing the global fishing industry. The agreement, which came into force on June 5, 2016, has been ratified by more than 60 countries and is gradually gaining traction globally.
Illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing refers to fishing activities conducted in contravention of national and international laws, whereby vessels operate without the necessary permits, exceed quotas, use outlawed fishing gear, or target protected species. This unscrupulous practice threatens the sustainability of fish stocks and marine ecosystems, putting the livelihoods of millions of people who depend on fisheries at risk.
The iuu fishing agreement aims to hinder illegal fishing and address shortcomings in the existing legal framework that enable IUU fishing activities to take place. The agreement establishes a binding international legal framework for port States to combat IUU fishing by preventing, detecting, and eliminating such activities.
Under the agreement, port States are required to check that the vessels intending to enter their ports have not engaged in IUU fishing or related activities. Port States may deny entry to vessels that do not meet the required documentation and compliance standards. Participating countries must also share data and intelligence on IUU fishing activities, allowing port States to better monitor and regulate international fishing activities.
The agreement will enable countries to take robust and coordinated measures against IUU fishing across borders. It lays a foundation for better cooperation, data sharing, and information-sharing among fishing nations, promoting fairer and more sustainable fishing practices globally.
The benefits of the iuu fishing agreement are numerous, including the protection of marine ecosystems, safeguarding the food security of communities reliant on fisheries, creating a level playing field for fair competition among fishers, and ensuring a sustainable future for the fishing industry.
In conclusion, the iuu fishing agreement is an essential framework that is setting new standards for combating IUU fishing activities globally. Its ratification by more than 60 countries worldwide is an indication of the collective effort required to address the threats posed by illegal fishing. Continued collaboration among fishing nations and stakeholders is critical in enforcing the agreement`s provisions and ensuring the sustainable management of the world`s oceans.